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 When children are between the ages of 8 and 12, parents often ask dermatologists this question. If you’re a parent trying to answer this question, you’ve come to the right place.  In three easy steps, you can figure out how often a child between 8 and 12 years of age needs to shampoo.  Step 1: Consider your child’s traits To determine how often your child needs to shampoo, you first need to consider your child’s: Hair type (straight, curly, oily, dry) Age Activity level Step 2: Find your child’s traits on the following chart Shampoo guidelines: Children 8 to 12 years old Shampoo every other day or daily 12 years of age or starting puberty Oily, straight hair Active: Plays outdoors, plays sports, or swims Exception: Hair is dry and curly Shampoo 1 or 2 times per week 8 to 11 years of age Exception: Hair is dry and curly Shampoo every 7 to 10 days Dry and curly hair, even hair with braids or weaves After heavy sweating or swimming, rinse and condition the hair Step 3: Fine tune to get

What Are the Early Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

 Early breast cancer warning signs

Design by Maya Chastain

Early signs of breast cancer

Early on, a person may notice a change in their breast when they perform a monthly breast exam or when minor abnormal pain doesn’t seem to go away. Early signs of breast cancer to look for include:

changes in the shape of the nipple

breast pain that doesn’t go away after your next period

a new lump that doesn’t go away after your next period

nipple discharge from one breast that’s clear, red, brown, or yellow

unexplained redness, swelling, skin irritation, itchiness, or rash on the breast

swelling or a lump around the collarbone or under the arm

A lump that’s hard with irregular edges is more likely to be cancerous.

Later signs of breast cancer

Later signs of breast cancer include:

retraction, or inward turning of the nipple

enlargement of one breast

dimpling of the breast surface

an existing lump that gets bigger

an “orange peel” texture to the skin

poor appetite

unintentional weight loss

enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit

visible veins on the breast

Having one or more of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have breast cancer. Nipple discharge, for example, can also be caused by an infection. See a doctor for a complete evaluation if you experience any of these signs and symptoms.

What is a “normal” breast?

As you might suspect, there’s really no such thing as a “normal” breast. Everyone’s breasts are different. So, when we talk about normal, we mean normal for you. It’s about how your breasts usually look and feel and what it could mean when this changes.

It’s worth noting that it’s common to experience breast changes during ovulation. This may have to do with extra fluid retention, which can cause:


tenderness, soreness



These symptoms should resolve after you start your period.

Breast self-checks

Regular self-checks can help you get to know how your breasts normally look and feel so you’ll recognize changes early on. Here’s what to look for:

difference in overall size, shape, or color of your breasts

dimpling or bulging of the skin

redness, soreness, rash, or swelling

nipple inversion, unusual discharge

How to perform a breast self-check

Stand in front of a mirror with your shoulders straight and arms on your hips. Visually inspect your breasts.

Repeat with your arms raised.

Lie down on your back to feel your breasts. First, use your right hand to check your left breast. Use the pads of your fingers and move in a circular motion to feel for lumps or other changes. Be sure to cover the entire breast, from the center of your chest to your armpit and from your abdomen to your collarbone.

Repeat using your left hand to check your right breast.

Repeat while standing or sitting. You might find it easier to do this in the shower.

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