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 When children are between the ages of 8 and 12, parents often ask dermatologists this question. If you’re a parent trying to answer this question, you’ve come to the right place.  In three easy steps, you can figure out how often a child between 8 and 12 years of age needs to shampoo.  Step 1: Consider your child’s traits To determine how often your child needs to shampoo, you first need to consider your child’s: Hair type (straight, curly, oily, dry) Age Activity level Step 2: Find your child’s traits on the following chart Shampoo guidelines: Children 8 to 12 years old Shampoo every other day or daily 12 years of age or starting puberty Oily, straight hair Active: Plays outdoors, plays sports, or swims Exception: Hair is dry and curly Shampoo 1 or 2 times per week 8 to 11 years of age Exception: Hair is dry and curly Shampoo every 7 to 10 days Dry and curly hair, even hair with braids or weaves After heavy sweating or swimming, rinse and condition the hair Step 3: Fine tune to get

What to Know About Breast Lesions

 What is a breast lesion?

A breast lesion refers to an area of abnormal breast tissue. These are relatively common findings. In fact, it’s estimated that at least 20 percent of females may develop breast lesions, though males may also be affected.

A doctor may discover a breast lesion during an imaging test, such as a routine mammogram, or an ultrasound that was initially ordered for another reason. A doctor or nurse may also discover a breast lesion during a physical exam.

In some cases, breast lesions may be self-detected. You might feel an unusual lump or bump during a monthly breast self-examination. Depending on the type of lesion, such abnormal areas of breast tissue may feel rubbery or firm to the touch. Sometimes a breast lesion may cause pain, along with skin changes and nipple discharge.

If you detect any lumps, pain, or other changes in your breasts, it’s important to talk with a doctor right away. They may order additional diagnostic exams, such as imaging tests, to help determine whether the lesion is cancerous (malignant), and if treatment is required.


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Are breast lesions cancerous?

While a doctor will certainly want to rule out cancer, the good news is that most breast lesions are noncancerous (benign), especially in females under the age of 35.

Sometimes noncancerous breast lesions may cause pain, changes in tissues, and nipple discharge. Also, while these benign lesions are unlikely to be life threateningTrusted Source, your doctor may monitor them for possible signs of malignancy in the future.

Examples of benign breast conditions includeTrusted Source:

Adenosis: which may cause larger and more numerous milk-producing glands called lobules

Duct ectasia: which enlarges the milk ducts

Ductal/lobular hyperplasia: which may cause the overgrowth of duct or lobule cells

Fat necrosis: a type of scar tissue that may develop after an injury or trauma

Fibroadenoma: a common type of lesion made up of connective and glandular breast tissues

Fibrocystic changes: which can occur within fibrous breast tissues

Intraductal papilloma: a type of benign wart-like growth in the milk ducts

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS): which involves the growth of cancerous cells outside lobular tissues that don’t make their way past their cellular walls

Mastitis: a type of breast infection

Phyllodes tumor: which begins within connective tissues rather than the glands or ducts

Radial scars: which don’t cause symptoms, but may show upTrusted Source during diagnostic testing for other breast conditions

Can noncancerous lesions develop into cancer?

While most cases of benign breast lesions do not become cancerous, sclerosing adenosis carries up to two times the risk of future malignancy. LCIS may also increase your riskTrusted Source of future breast cancer.

Possible signs of malignancy may include irregular shape or margins, which are typically highlighted on imaging tests. Cancerous breast lumps tend to be more common in females who are either perimenopausal or postmenopausal, though breast cancer may develop in other cases.

Also, it’s important to know that benign growths tend to be referred to as lesions, while cancerous growths in the breast are called carcinomas.


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Does Breastfeeding Prevent Breast Cancer?

 How does breastfeeding lower your risk of breast cancer? Breastfeeding is a protective factor for breast cancer. It’s unclear exactly why this is the case. However, a combination of the following factors is likely at work: Breastfeeding promotes changes in breast cells that may make breast cancer less likely to occur. The hormonal changes that happen during breastfeeding can delay the return of your period, meaning you’re exposed to less estrogen while breastfeeding. Long-time exposure to estrogen raises breast cancer risk. It’s more likely that people who are breastfeeding engage in healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating a balanced diet, avoiding alcohol, and not smoking. Now let’s look at what some of the research on breastfeeding and breast cancer risk has found. Research into breastfeeding and breast cancer risk Older research from 2002Trusted Source involving data from 47 studies across 30 countries found that the risk of breast cancer decreased by 4.3% for every 12 months of


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